According to the latest "2020 China 5G Economic Report", the total investment in the domestic 5G network in 2020-2025 is 0.9~1.5 trillion yuan, a considerable part of which lies in the investment in base stations. Then the base station as an important component of 5G investment, a 5G base station in the end how much is it worth? And what are the components of its cost?
How much does it cost to build a 5G base station
Base station is most directly divided into macro base station and micro base station, macro base station is the most important part of the 5G base station, the scale of the investment are relatively large, micro base station is relatively low cost, but also relatively simple, here will be ignored for the time being.
5G macro base station in general is composed of:
- the main equipment BBU, AAU, transmission equipment;
- power supporting equipment and facilities including power supply, battery, air conditioning, monitoring and control.
-Civil construction includes machine room, materials, and labor. First look at the main equipment: because our operators are state-owned enterprises, demand, there is an official background, in the main equipment procurement or relative advantage, in the relevant units to understand the information, 1 BBU + 3 AAU probably cost about 20 ~ 25 million. There are also baseband boards, main control boards, power supply modules, etc.
- Baseband boards are more expensive, about 1 to 20,000;
- Main control boards and power supplies are relatively much cheaper, about 3,000 to 6,000 yuan;
- Antennas here are also about 6,000. Then look at the power supporting equipment: according to different base station configurations, the number and specifications of the required power supporting equipment are also very different.
-An outdoor cabinet, about 5,000 yuan / one.
-Power cabinet is also generally 5,000 ~ 10,000 yuan;
-Additionally there are batteries, is to prevent power outages for emergency use, under the premise of power to ensure stability can be considered to be exempted;
-Air conditioning, burglary, wire channel, wire rack ...... total set of calculations down to the superior value of 40,000 ~ 60,000 yuan.
Finally is the civil construction, this algorithm is relatively complex, due to the different types of towers, different areas of the site use different ways to invest in different funds, here first according to the mainstream three-tube tower to budget.
-An ordinary three-tube tower, weighing about 8.5 tons, the cost of about 90,000 yuan.
-The site, mainly self-built, rent-free kind;
-Added to the whole labor costs; discount the cost of this piece of a total of about 10 to 15 million.
To summarize, it costs about 450,000 dollars to build a complete 5G base station!
Basically is currently the same level of 4G base station 4 times, this does not include the base station later maintenance consumption costs, such as its electricity and is a huge expenditure; due to the 5G is microwave millimeter wave, so the number of base stations required more than the number of 4G, the good thing is that at present the national grid to join to the construction of the 5G, its strong financial strength to increase the laying of the 5G basis of the capital, so that" As long as money can solve the problem is not a problem!"
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